The Father of the Indian Constitution is Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar he was born on 14 April 1891 was an Indian jurist, economist, and Dalit leader who headed the committee that drafted the Constitution of India from the Constituent Assembly debates, in Jawaharlal’s first cabinet. Served as Minister of Law and Justice. Nehru inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement after renouncing Hinduism.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Biography
|Full Name||Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar|
|Profession(s)||Jurist, Economist, Social Reformer, Politician|
|Famous For||Being the Father of the Indian Constitution|
|Date of Birth||14 April 1891|
|Birthplace||Mhow, Central Provinces, British India (now in Madhya Pradesh, India)|
|Date of Death||6-Dec-56|
|Place of Death||Delhi, India|
|Age (at the time of death)||65 Years|
|Death Cause||Died in his sleep after suffering from Diabetes|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Aries|
|Hometown||Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, India|
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar height, weight, and more
|Height||in centimeters- 163 cm|
|in meters- 1.63 m|
|in Feet Inches- 5’ 4”|
|Weight||in Kilograms- 74 kg|
|in Pounds- 163 lbs|
He was the 14th and last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal, an army officer holding the rank of subedar, and Bhimabai Sakpal, daughter of Lakshmana Murbadkar. His family was of Marathi background from the town of Ambadave (Mandangad Taluka) in the Ratnagiri district of modern Maharashtra. Ambedkar was born into a Mahar (Dalit) caste, who were considered untouchables and subjected to socio-economic discrimination. Ambedkar’s ancestors had long served in the army of the British East India Company, and his father served in the British Indian Army at Mhow Cantonment.
Although they attended school, Ambedkar and other untouchable children were isolated and given little attention or help by teachers. They were not allowed to sit inside the class. When they needed to drink water, someone from the upper caste had to pour that water from a height as they were not allowed to touch the water or the vessel in which it was.
This work was usually done by the school peon for the young Ambedkar, and if the peon was not available he had to go without water; He later described the situation in his writings as “No peon, no water”. He had to sit on a sack which he took home with him.
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Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Qualification
|School(s)||• A School in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh |
• Elphinstone High School, Bombay (now, Mumbai)
|College/University||• Elphinstone College, Mumbai |
• Columbia University, New York City
• London School of Economics
• University of Bonn, Germany
• Gray’s Inn, London for the Bar Course
|Educational Qualification||• Economics and Political Science Degree from Bombay University |
• Master’s Degree in Economics from Columbia University
• D.Sc. in Economics from the London University
• Ph.D. in Economics in 1927
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Favourite Things
|Favourite Person(s)||Gautama Buddha, Harishchandra (Indian King), Kabir Das (Indian Poet)|
|Favourite Book(s)||Life of Tolstoy by Leo Tolstoy, Les Misérables by Victor Hugo, Far from the Madding Crowd by Thomas Hardy|
|Favourite Food(s)||Plain Rice, Arhar Dal, Masoor Dal, Chicken, Fish|
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Some facts about Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
- He was born in 1891 in a Marathi family and was the fourteenth and last child of his parents. His family belonged to the Ambadawe town of Mandangad taluka in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, India.
- His father retired from the British Indian Army in 1894, and two years later, he relocated with his family to Satara (a city in Maharashtra). Shortly after settling down in Maharashtra, BR Ambedkar lost his mother.
- B R Ambedkar’s real surname was Sakpal, but his father recorded his surname as Ambadavekar (named after his native village, ‘Ambadawe’) during his schooling.
- In 1913, at the age of 22, he moved to America for his higher education. He completed his MA in 1915; majored in economics and presented his thesis ‘Ancient Indian Commerce’ for the same.
- Then, he came back to India and was appointed as the Defense Secretary to the Raja of Baroda. Being an ‘untouchable’ in Baroda, he again faced social discrimination. In 1916, he presented his second thesis “India’s National Dividend – A Historical and Analytical Study”, and he eventually obtained his Ph.D. in economics. in 1927.
- He was born in a community that was considered as lower caste by the society and had to face a lot of humiliation throughout his school time by teachers and schoolmates who were considered upper-caste by the society. Was. He later explained the situation in his book “No Peon, No Water”.
- During his school days, he was a favorite student of his teacher Mahadev Ambedkar, who was a Brahmin.
- Later, the teacher changed his surname from ‘Ambdavekar’ to ‘Ambedkar’.
- In 1897, his family shifted to Mumbai and there he joined Elphinstone High School (he was the only untouchable student in the school). Then, he married Ramabai (a 9-year-old girl) in 1906 at the age of 15.