Durga Puja is one of the most important festivals celebrated with full gusto and enthusiasm in India. This year, Navratri will begin on October 7, 2021 and will end on October 15, 2021. Read on to know more about the festival.
Durga Puja 2021: Durga Puja is a famous Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor mostly in the states of West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Odisha and Bihar. It is believed that this festival marks the victory of good over evil, as Goddess Durga killed the demon Mahishasura.
The festival of Durga Puja is celebrated for ten days in the month of Ashwin. However, in the real sense, the festival begins on the sixth day. It is believed that only Goddess Durga came to earth on this day.
The five days of Durga Puja are celebrated as Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and Vijayadashami. Each day has its own meaning and significance. The first day of Durga Puja festival is known as Mahalaya. It is said that there was a conflict between the demons and the gods on the day of Mahalaya.
This year Navratri will start on October 7, 2021 and will end on October 15, 2021. Read on to know more about the festival.
Durga Puja Day 1: October 11 (Monday) Shashthi
According to mythology, on the 6th day (Maha Shashti) Goddess Durga descended to earth with her 4 children: Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha and Lord Kartikeya.
On the eve of Maha Shashti, the face of the idol of Goddess Durga is unveiled and rituals are performed. Drums named ‘Dhak’ are played on every pandal.
- Bilva Nimantran
- Akal Bodhon
- Amantran and Adhivas
Durga Puja Day 2: 12 October (Tuesday) Maha Saptami
On Maha Saptami, Maha Puja is performed. Before the sun rises, a banana tree is immersed in holy water and then covered with a new sari like a newly wed woman (Kola Bou).
- Navpatrika Puja
- Kolabou Puja
Durga Puja Day 3: 13 October (Wednesday) Maha Ashtami
According to mythology, it is believed that Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura on Maha Ashtami. On this day devotees worship a goddess named ‘Anjali’. Girls below the age of 9 are depicted as Goddess Durga and worshipped. This ritual is known as ‘Kumari Puja’. After this ‘Sandhi Puja’ is performed.
- Durga Ashtami
- Kumari Puja
- Sandhi Puja
Durga Puja Day 4: 14th October (Thursday) Navami
After the ‘Sandhi Puja’ ends, Maha Navami begins. ‘Maha Aarti’ is performed on the eve of ‘Maha Navami’.
- Maha Navami
- Durga Balidan
- Navami Homa
Durga Puja Day 5: October 15 (Friday) Vijay Dashami
Vijayadashami is the last day of the festival. After ‘Ghat Visarjan’ (a symbolic immersion of Durga announcing the end of worship rituals) women perform Sindoor Khela meaning ‘play of vermilion’.
After that on the eve of Mahadashmi, the idol of Goddess Durga is immersed in the holy water of river Ganges. Before the immersion, a procession is carried out on trucks by the worshipers to the beat of drums which is accompanied by singing and dancing. Durga Visarjan
- Sindoor Utsav